Concentration analysis (mg/kg)

3.02-52.17[1], 9.0-210.0[2], 13.0-166.0[3], 63.0-91.0[4], 0.0-120.0[5], 101.3-1186.0[6], 192.0-355.0[7],




0.10-0.69[11], 3.1-9.6[12], 6.7-11.4[13], 6.5[14], 1.1-35.6[15], 1.2-20.0[16], 27.4[17], 1.5-9.6[18], 1.2-2.2[19], 2.7-6.6[20], 7.4[21], 0.7-9.6[22], 1.77-3.12[23]

MeSH classification

Agents used for the treatment or prevention of cardiac arrhythmias. They may affect the polarization-repolarization phase of the action potential, its excitability or refractoriness, or impulse conduction or membrane responsiveness within cardiac fibers. Anti-arrhythmia agents are often classed into four main groups according to their mechanism of action: sodium channel blockade, beta-adrenergic blockade, repolarization prolongation, or calcium channel blockade.

Naturally occurring or synthetic substances that inhibit or retard the oxidation of a substance to which it is added. They counteract the harmful and damaging effects of oxidation in animal tissues.


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